dimanche 30 septembre 2018

7 of the Greatest Love Stories in Philippine History

7 of the Greatest Love Stories in Philippine History







JOSE RIZAL AND LEONOR RIVERA


Of all of Jose Rizal’s women, Leonor Rivera was perhaps his truest and greatest love. Rivera, a native of Camiling in Tarlac, belonged to a landed family. As near-cousins, they first met during Rivera’s 13th birthday party. The two kept in contact through letters even as Rizal traveled around the world. After Rizal was named a filibustero, Rivera’s parents and Rizal’s father barred them from meeting. Thus, Rivera went on to marry an Englishman named Henry Charles Kipping and died on Aug. 28, 1893, after giving birth to their second child. Before her untimely death, she requested to be buried with the love letters Rizal had sent her.


FLAVIANO YENGKO



Flaviano Yengko is often remembered as one of the youngest generals during the Philippine Revolution and the "Hero of Salitran." Originally, however, the unsung hero didn’t want to fight in the Revolution. At the time, Yengko had been finishing his law course and was courting a young Caviteña who reciprocated his feelings. The young lady’s father, however, preferred another suitor who had already fought in battles. According to Ambeth Ocampo, to deter his daughter from choosing Yengko, the father would then say, “[He] does not know anything but to dress himself like a woman and is incapable of picking up a gun and fighting like a man for our cause.” These very words soon reached the ears of Yengko who took action and joined Aguinaldo’s revolutionary army. He accomplished his duties and fought in a number of battles before his valor was noticed by Aguinaldo himself. He rose through the ranks and was soon a brigadier general. During the Battle of Salitiran, he was fatally wounded and brought to the hospital where he was nursed by his sweetheart. Sadly, he succumbed to his wounds and died on March 3, 1897, at the age of 23.


DON MARIANO LEDESMA LACSON AND MARIA BRAGA



The Ruins, one of Talisay’s most famous tourist spots, was built as a symbol of love. Don Mariano Ledesma Lacson, a baron of a 440-hectare plantation, had been instantly smitten upon meeting Maria Braga during one of his travels. He asked for her hand in marriage, and brought her to Talisay to start a family. Tragedy struck while they were expecting their 11th child as Braga slipped in the bathroom and died. To immortalize the love of his life, Lacson built a mansion in front of his ancestral home. The mansion was inspired by Braga, from the engraved letter M on the entrance to the marble-like concrete similar to Braga’s alabaster skin. Sadly, the mansion was burned for three days to keep the Japanese from using it as their headquarters during the war.


KING NORODOM I AND JOSEFA ROXAS


In 1872, Cambodia's King Norodom I made a two-week state visit to Manila. He was given the typical pleasantries: a 21-gun salute and a dinner hosted by the governor-general. His itinerary also included a tour around the country in modern-day Tagaytay and Pampanga. During his visit, the king fell in love with a certain Josefa Roxas y Manio, a member of the prominent Roxas clan. Ambeth Ocampo writes that the king tried to win over the Bulakeña by offering a gold jewel as big as a mangosteen. He then proposed to Roxas, but she declined, using religion and her duty to her aging parents as an excuse. With this, the king made his way back to Cambodia alone, but left the priceless piece of jewelry with Roxas.


MANUEL QUEZÓN AND AURORA ARAGÓN


Growing up, Manuel Quezon was a dandy—well-dressed, suave, and a ladies man. This all changed when he started to notice his cousin Aurora Aragon. The two engaged in an intense yet playful courtship. Once, Quezon personally fetched zarzuela singer Atang de la Rama on horseback to serenade Aragon. On another occasion, Quezon decided to put Aragon’s love to the test. He paid her a visit while wearing orange blossoms around his neck. When she noticed and asked why, Quezon replied that he’d just been married. Aragon immediately burst into tears, realizing how much she loved Quezon. The two decided to fast track their engagement and soon they eloped in Hong Kong. The marriage lasted until Quezon's death in 1944. Five years later, Aragon was assassinated by a group of armed men while on her way to open the Quezon Memorial Hospital. The two are buried close to each other at the Quezon Memorial Shrine.

ELPIDIO QUIRINO AND ALICIA SYQUIA




The story goes: One night at a party in Vigan, the lights momentarily went out. When they came back on, onlookers found 16-year-old Alicia Syquia in the secure embrace of 31-year-old Elpidio Quirino. In those times, the two had to marry to avoid scandal. As dowry for the marriage, Syquia’s father offered the family home, known today as the Syquia Mansion Museum. Unlike other couples, Quirino and Syquia only wrote letters to each other after they were married (Quirino worked as a congressman in Manila while Syquia remained in Vigan). The love letters of the two are displayed in the Syquia Mansion Museum. In them, Quirino signed “Your faithful and loving husband, who embraces you and kisses you.” Sadly, Syquia and three of her children were killed when caught in a crossfire during the liberation of Manila. Proving his undying love, Quirino personally dug a grave in Paco Cemetery and carried them there—never speaking about the ordeal again.

SALVADOR ARANETA AND VICTORIA LÓPEZ



Aristocratic couple Salvador Araneta and Victoria López de Araneta’s love story is particularly poignant as it withstood war and destruction. In 1933, the Aranetas built their home in Mandaluyong, then a far-flung area. The stately European-style home was named the Victoneta and had 33 rooms, a private chapel, and luxurious interiors. When war broke out, the Japanese confiscated the grand house while the Aranetas retreated to Malabon. To keep their family afloat, the couple sold their belongings including luxuries such as clothes, shoes, bed linens, and curtains. Toward the end of the war, the Victoneta was bombed and the couple never looked back. They instead focused on business and established numerous companies (some remain the biggest today). Later in life, the Aranetas faced another challenge: Martial Law. Since they were already in San Francisco visiting their daughter, the two decided to stay put and manage their businesses from there. The couple passed away in the ‘80s, within a couple of years of each other.



mercredi 19 septembre 2018

15 Rare dingen die wij Nederlanders doen tijdens het groeten

15 Rare dingen die wij Nederlanders doen tijdens het groeten



1 Een hele lange 'hoooooi' zeggen bij het weggaan


2 Praten tijdens het geven van drie zoenen


3 Of überhaupt de aankondiging: "Gaan we zoenen?"

4 Over kussen gesproken, WAT IS TOCH DE ETIQUETTE?

Vrouwen kussen vrouwen, vrouwen kussen mannen, mannen kussen vrouwen, maar mannen kussen geen mannen.

5 Als je elkaar twee keer tegenkomt zeggen: "Bij de derde keer trakteren!"



6 Vrouwen die elkaar hysterisch om de nek vallen

En er dan ook lekker bij gillen en een beetje rondspringen.


7 Twee keer groeten

Hoi hoi, doei doei, doeg doeg, dag dag, hé hallo!




8 Motorrijders en vaarders groeten elkaar al-tijd


Net zoals buschauffeurs trouwens. Het is een geheime code. Even dat handje opsteken.



9 Op verjaardagen hoor je ie-de-reen te begroeten

In plaats van iedereen af te lebberen, kun je het ook makkelijk doen: "Ik doe even naar iedereen een zwaai hoor!"


10 Groeten doen uit een bepaalde plaats


We houden gewoon enorm van de groetjes doen!



11 We bulderen zelfs door iemands telefoongesprek heen: "Doe maar de groetjes!"



12 Lekker origineel zijn in een emailgroet


"Met een vrolijke groet" of "xxx". Altijd gezellig.


13 Heel lang uit het raampje zwaaien als je weggaat

En degene die je uitzwaaien (meestal je moeder) blijven nog lang op de straat je uitzwaaien totdat je écht, helemaal, compleet de hoek om bent.



14 Heel (heel, héél) lang handen schudden



15 Tóch nog even een heel levensverhaal vertellen bij het weggaan

We hadden al "doei doei" gezegd?!




dimanche 24 juin 2018

Nobel Prize in Physics: 1901-Present

                 Nobel Prize in Physics: 1901-Present


As per Alfred Nobel’s will, the Nobel Prize in Physics was to go to “the individual who might have made the most vital disclosure or development inside the field of material science.” The prize has been granted each year with the exception of 1916, 1931, 1934, 1940, 1941 and 1942.
Here is the full rundown of victors:
2017: Half of the 9 million Swedish krona ($1.1 million) grant went to Rainer Weiss of MIT. The other half was shared mutually to Barry Barish and Kip Thorne of Caltech. The prize regarded the trio’s “definitive commitments to the LIGO finder and the perception of gravitational waves,” as indicated by Nobelprize.org. The three researchers were vital in the principal identification of the swells in space-time called gravitational waves. The waves for this situation originated from the crash of two dark openings 1.3 billion years prior.
2016: One half was granted to David J. Thouless, of the University of Washington, Seattle, and the other half to F. Duncan M. Haldane, Princeton University, and J. Michael Kosterlitz, Brown University, Providence. Their hypothetical revelations opened the way to an unusual world where matter can go up against bizarre states. As indicated by the Nobel Foundation: “Because of their spearheading work, the chase is currently on for new and fascinating periods of issue. Many individuals are confident of future applications in the two materials science and hardware.”
2015: Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald for demonstrating the transformation of neutrinos, which uncovered that the subatomic particles have mass and opened up another domain in molecule material science.
2014: Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano and Shuji Nakamura for their development of a vitality productive light source: blue light-transmitting diodes (LEDs).
2013: Peter Higgs of the United Kingdom and François Englert of Belgium, two of the researchers who anticipated the presence of the Higgs boson about 50 years prior. [Related: Higgs Boson Physicists Snag Nobel Prize]
2012: French physicist Serge Haroche and American physicist David Wineland, for their spearheading research in quantum optics.
2011: One half granted to Saul Perlmutter, the other half mutually to Brian P. Schmidt and Adam G. Riess, “for the revelation of the quickening extension of the Universe through perceptions of far off supernovae.”
2010: Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, “for earth shattering examinations with respect to the two-dimensional material graphene.”
2009: Charles K. Kao, “for earth shattering accomplishments concerning the transmission of light in filaments for optical correspondence,” and Willard S. Boyle and George E. Smith, “for the innovation of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor.”
2008: Yoichiro Nambu, “for the revelation of the instrument of unconstrained softened symmetry up subatomic material science,” and Makoto Kobayashi, Toshihide Maskawa, “for the disclosure of the starting point of the broken symmetry which predicts the presence of no less than three groups of quarks in nature.”
2007: Albert Fert and Peter Grünberg, “for the revelation of Giant Magnetoresistance”
2006: John C. Mather and George F. Smoot, “for their revelation of the blackbody shape and anisotropy of the astronomical microwave foundation radiation.”
2005: Roy J. Glauber, “for his commitment to the quantum hypothesis of optical rationality,” and John L. Lobby and Theodor W. Hänsch, “for their commitments to the improvement of laser-based accuracy spectroscopy, including the optical recurrence brush procedure.”
2004: David J. Net, H. David Politzer and Frank Wilczek, “for the disclosure of asymptotic opportunity in the hypothesis of the solid association.”
2003: Alexei A. Abrikosov, Vitaly L. Ginzburg and Anthony J. Leggett, “for spearheading commitments to the hypothesis of superconductors and superfluids.”
2002: Raymond Davis Jr. what’s more, Masatoshi Koshiba, “for spearheading commitments to astronomy, specifically for the location of inestimable neutrinos,” and Riccardo Giacconi, “for spearheading commitments to astronomy, which have prompted the disclosure of vast X-beam sources.”
2001: Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman, “for the accomplishment of Bose-Einstein buildup in weaken gasses of soluble base particles, and for early central investigations of the properties of the condensates.”
2000: Zhores I. Alferov and Herbert Kroemer, “for creating semiconductor heterostructures utilized as a part of rapid and opto-hardware,” and Jack S. Kilby “as far as it matters for him in the development of the coordinated circuit.”
1999: Gerardus ‘t Hooft and Martinus J.G. Veltman, “for explaining the quantum structure of electroweak communications in material science.”
1998: Robert B. Laughlin, Horst L. Störmer and Daniel C. Tsui, “for their revelation of another type of quantum liquid with partially charged excitations.”
1997: Steven Chu, Claude Cohen-Tannoudji and William D. Phillips, “for advancement of strategies to cool and trap iotas with laser light.”
1996: David M. Lee, Douglas D. Osheroff and Robert C. Richardson, “for their revelation of superfluidity in helium-3.”
1995: Martin L. Perl, “for the revelation of the tau lepton,” and Frederick Reines, “for the recognition of the neutrino.”
1994: Bertram N. Brockhouse, “for the advancement of neutron spectroscopy,” and Clifford G. Shull, “for the advancement of the neutron diffraction system.”
1993: Russell A. Hulse and Joseph H. Taylor Jr., “for the disclosure of another sort of pulsar, a revelation that has opened up new potential outcomes for the investigation of attraction.”
1992: Georges Charpak, “for his creation and advancement of molecule indicators, specifically the multiwire relative chamber.”
1991: Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, “for finding that techniques created for considering request wonders in basic frameworks can be summed up to more perplexing types of issue, specifically to fluid precious stones and polymers.”
1990: Jerome I. Friedman, Henry W. Kendall and Richard E. Taylor, “for their spearheading examinations concerning profound inelastic diffusing of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of fundamental significance for the advancement of the quark show in molecule material science.”
1989: Norman F. Ramsey, “for the creation of the isolated oscillatory fields technique and its utilization in the hydrogen maser and other nuclear timekeepers,” and Hans G. Dehmelt and Wolfgang Paul, “for the improvement of the particle trap method.”
1988: Leon M. Lederman, Melvin Schwartz and Jack Steinberger, “for the neutrino bar strategy and the show of the doublet structure of the leptons through the revelation of the muon neutrino.”
1987: J. Georg Bednorz and K. Alexander Müller, “for their essential leap forward in the revelation of superconductivity in artistic materials.”
1986: Ernst Ruska, “for his crucial work in electron optics, and for the outline of the principal electron magnifying lens,” and Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer, “for their plan of the filtering burrowing magnifying lens.”
1985: Klaus von Klitzing, “for the disclosure of the quantized Hall impact”.
1984: Carlo Rubbia and Simon van der Meer, “for their conclusive commitments to the expansive venture, which prompted the revelation of the field particles W and Z, communicators of feeble connection.”
1983: Subramanyan Chandrasekhar, “for his hypothetical investigations of the physical procedures of significance to the structure and development of the stars,” and William Alfred Fowler, “for his hypothetical and test investigations of the atomic responses of significance in the arrangement of the concoction components in the universe.”
1982: Kenneth G. Wilson, “for his hypothesis for basic marvels regarding stage advances.”
1981: Nicolaas Bloembergen and Arthur Leonard Schawlow, “for their commitment to the improvement of laser spectroscopy,” and Kai M. Siegbahn, “for his commitment to the improvement of high-determination electron spectroscopy.”
1980: James Watson Cronin and Val Logsdon Fitch, “for the disclosure of infringement of essential symmetry standards in the rot of impartial K-mesons.”
1979: Sheldon Lee Glashow, Abdus Salam and Steven Weinberg, “for their commitments to the hypothesis of the bound together powerless and electromagnetic cooperation between basic particles, including, entomb alia, the expectation of the feeble unbiased current.”
1978: Pyotr Leonidovich Kapitsa, “for his essential innovations and disclosures in the zone of low-temperature material science,” and Arno Allan Penzias, Robert Woodrow Wilson “for their revelation of grandiose microwave foundation radiation.”
1977: Philip Warren Anderson, Sir Nevill Francis Mott and John Hasbrouck van Vleck, “for their key hypothetical examinations of the electronic structure of attractive and scattered frameworks.”
1976: Burton Richter and Samuel Chao Chung Ting, “for their spearheading work in the revelation of a substantial rudimentary molecule of another kind.”


1975: Aage Niels Bohr, Ben Roy Mottelson and Leo James Rainwater, “for the revelation of the association between aggregate movement and molecule movement in nuclear cores and the improvement of the hypothesis of the structure of the nuclear core in view of this association.”
1974: Sir Martin Ryle and Antony Hewish, “for their spearheading research in radio astronomy: Ryle for his perceptions and developments, specifically of the gap amalgamation procedure, and Hewish for his unequivocal part in the revelation of pulsars.”
1973: Leo Esaki and Ivar Giaever, “for their test revelations with respect to burrowing marvels in semiconductors and superconductors, individually,” and Brian David Josephson, “for his hypothetical expectations of the properties of a supercurrent through a passage obstruction, specifically those wonders which are by and large known as the Josephson impacts.”
1972: John Bardeen, Leon Neil Cooper, John Robert Schrieffer, “for their mutually created hypothesis of superconductivity, normally called the BCS-hypothesis.”
1970: Hannes Olof Gösta Alfvén, “for essential work and disclosures in magnetohydro-elements with productive applications in various parts of plasma material science,” and Louis Eugène Félix Néel, “for central work and revelations concerning antiferromagnetism and ferrimagnetism which have prompted imperative applications in strong state physical science.”
1969: Murray Gell-Mann, “for his commitments and revelations concerning the grouping of rudimentary particles and their collaborations.”
1968: Luis Walter Alvarez, “for his unequivocal commitments to rudimentary molecule material science, specifically the disclosure of an expansive number of reverberation states, made conceivable through his improvement of the method of utilizing hydrogen bubble chamber and information investigation.”
1967: Hans Albrecht Bethe, “for his commitments to the hypothesis of atomic responses, particularly his revelations concerning the vitality generation in stars.”
1966: Alfred Kastler, “for the revelation and advancement of optical techniques for concentrate Hertzian resonances in iotas.”
1965: Sin-Itiro Tomonaga, Julian Schwinger and Richard P. Feynman, “for their essential work in quantum electrodynamics, with profound furrowing outcomes for the material science of rudimentary particles.”
1964: Charles Hard Townes, “for essential work in the field of quantum gadgets, which has prompted the development of oscillators and speakers in light of the maser-laser standard,” and Nicolay Gennadiyevich Basov and Aleksandr Mikhailovich Prokhorov, “for crucial work in the field of quantum hardware, which has prompted the development of oscillators and enhancers in light of the maser-laser guideline.”
1963: Eugene Paul Wigner, “for his commitments to the hypothesis of the nuclear core and the rudimentary particles, especially through the disclosure and use of essential symmetry standards,” and Maria Goeppert-Mayer and J. Hans D. Jensen, “for their revelations concerning atomic shell structure.”
1962: Lev Davidovich Landau, “for his spearheading speculations for consolidated issue, particularly fluid helium.”
1961: Robert Hofstadter, “for his spearheading investigations of electron dissipating in nuclear cores and for his in this way accomplished revelations concerning the structure of the nucleons,” and Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer, “for his inquires about concerning the reverberation assimilation of gamma radiation and his disclosure in this association of the impact which bears his name.”
1960: Donald Arthur Glaser, “for the development of the air pocket chamber.”
1959: Emilio Gino Segrè and Owen Chamberlain, “for their revelation of the antiproton.”
1958: Pavel Alekseyevich Cherenkov, Il’ja Mikhailovich Frank and Igor Yevgenyevich Tamm, “for the revelation and the understanding of the Cherenkov impact.”
1957: Chen Ning Yang and Tsung-Dao (T.D.) Lee, “for their infiltrating examination of the purported equality laws which has prompted vital disclosures with respect to the rudimentary particles.”
1956: William Bradford Shockley, John Bardeen and Walter Houser Brattain, “for their inquires about on semiconductors and their disclosure of the transistor impact.”
1955: Willis Eugene Lamb, “for his revelations concerning the fine structure of the hydrogen range,” and Polykarp Kusch, “for his accuracy assurance of the attractive snapshot of the electron.”
1954: Max Born, “for his key research in quantum mechanics, particularly for his factual elucidation of the wavefunction,” and Walther Bothe, “for the happenstance technique and his revelations made therewith.”
1953: Frits (Frederik) Zernike, “for his show of the stage differentiate strategy, particularly for his development of the stage differentiate magnifying instrument.”
1952: Felix Bloch and Edward Mills Purcell, “for their advancement of new techniques for atomic attractive exactness estimations and revelations in association therewith.”
1951: Sir John Douglas Cockcroft and Ernest Thomas Sinton Walton, “for their pioneer deal with the transmutation of nuclear cores by falsely quickened nuclear particles.”
1950: Cecil Frank Powell, “for his advancement of the photographic strategy for concentrate atomic procedures and his disclosures in regards to mesons made with this technique.”
1949: Hideki Yukawa, “for his forecast of the presence of mesons on the premise of hypothetical work on atomic powers.”
1948: Patrick Maynard Stuart Blackett, “for his improvement of the Wilson cloud chamber technique, and his revelations therewith in the fields of atomic material science and enormous radiation.”
1947: Sir Edward Victor Appleton, “for his examinations of the material science of the upper climate particularly for the revelation of the alleged Appleton layer.”
1946: Percy Williams Bridgman, “for the creation of a device to deliver to a great degree high weights, and for the revelations he made therewith in the field of high weight material science.”
1945: Wolfgang Pauli, “for the revelation of the Exclusion Principle, additionally called the Pauli Principle.”
1944: Isidor Isaac Rabi, “for his reverberation strategy for recording the attractive properties of nuclear cores.”
1943: Otto Stern, “for his commitment to the improvement of the atomic beam strategy and his revelation of the attractive snapshot of the proton.”
1940-1942: No Prizes granted.
1939: Ernest Orlando Lawrence, “for the creation and advancement of the cyclotron and for comes about got with it, particularly as to manufactured radioactive components.”
1938: Enrico Fermi, “for his showings of the presence of new radioactive components delivered by neutron light, and for his related disclosure of atomic responses achieved by moderate neutrons.”
1937: Clinton Joseph Davisson and George Paget Thomson, “for their trial disclosure of the diffraction of electrons by precious stones.”
1936: Victor Franz Hess, “for his disclosure of infinite radiation,” and Carl David Anderson, “for his revelation of the positron.”
1935: James Chadwick, “for the disclosure of the neutron.”
1934: No Prize granted
1933: Erwin Schrödinger and Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, “for the disclosure of new gainful types of nuclear hypothesis.”
1932: Werner Karl Heisenberg, “for the formation of quantum mechanics, the utilization of which has, bury alia, prompted the disclosure of the allotropic types of hydrogen.”
1931: No Prize granted
1930: Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, “for his work on the dispersing of light and for the revelation of the impact named after him”
1929: Prince Louis-Victor Pierre Raymond de Broglie, “for his revelation of the wave idea of electrons.”
1928: Owen Willans Richardson, “for his work on the thermionic wonder and particularly for the revelation of the law named after him.”
1927: Arthur Holly Compton, “for his revelation of the impact named after him,” and Charles Thomson Rees Wilson, “for his strategy for making the ways of electrically charged particles noticeable by buildup of vapor.”
1926: Jean Baptiste Perrin, “for his work on the intermittent structure of issue, and particularly for his revelation of sedimentation harmony.”
1925: James Franck and Gustav Ludwig Hertz, “for their revelation of the laws representing the effect of an electron upon a molecule.”
1924: Karl Manne Georg Siegbahn, “for his revelations and research in the field of X-beam spectroscopy.”
1923: Robert Andrews Millikan, “for his work on the basic charge of power and on the photoelectric impact.”
1922: Niels Henrik David Bohr, “for his administrations in the examination of the structure of particles and of the radiation exuding from them.”
1921: Albert Einstein, “for his administrations to Theoretical Physics, and particularly for his disclosure of the law of the photoelectric impact.”
1920: Charles Edouard Guillaume, “in acknowledgment of the administration he has rendered to exactness estimations in Physics by his revelation of oddities in nickel steel amalgams.”
1919: Johannes Stark, “for his revelation of the Doppler impact in trench beams and the part of ghostly lines in electric fields.”
1918: Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck, “in acknowledgment of the administrations he rendered to the progression of Physics by his revelation of vitality quanta.”
1917: Charles Glover Barkla, “for his revelation of the trademark Röntgen radiation of the components.”
1916: No Prize granted.
1915: Sir William Henry Bragg and William Lawrence Bragg, “for their administrations in the examination of precious stone structure by methods for X-beams.”
1914: Max von Laue, “for his disclosure of the diffraction of X-beams by precious stones.”
1913: Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, “for his examinations on the properties of issue at low temperatures which drove, bury alia, to the creation of fluid helium.”
1912: Nils Gustaf Dalén, “for his creation of programmed controllers for use in conjunction with gas collectors for enlightening beacons and floats.”
1911: Wilhelm Wien, “for his disclosures with respect to the laws administering the radiation of warmth.”
1910: Johannes Diderik van der Waals, “for his work on the condition of state for gasses and fluids.”
1909: Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun, “in acknowledgment of their commitments to the improvement of remote telecommunication.”
1908: Gabriel Lippmann, “for his technique for imitating hues photographically in view of the wonder of impedance.”
1907: Albert Abraham Michelson, “for his optical accuracy instruments and the spectroscopic and metrological examinations did with their guide.”
1906: Joseph John Thomson, “in acknowledgment of the colossal benefits of his hypothetical and trial examinations on the conduction of power by gasses.”
1905: Philipp Eduard Anton von Lenard, “for his work on cathode beams.”
1904: Lord Rayleigh (John William Strutt), “for his examinations of the densities of the most imperative gasses and for his revelation of argon regarding these investigations.”
1903: Antoine Henri Becquerel, ” “in acknowledgment of the exceptional administrations he has rendered by his revelation of unconstrained radioactivity,” and Pierre Curie and Marie Curie, née Sklodowska, “in acknowledgment of the uncommon administrations they have rendered by their joint investigates on the radiation wonders found by Professor Henri Becquerel.”
1902: Hendrik Antoon Lorentz and Pieter Zeeman, “in acknowledgment of the remarkable administration they rendered by their inquires about into the impact of attraction upon radiation wonders.”
1901: Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, “in acknowledgment of the exceptional administrations he has rendered by the revelation of the astounding beams along these lines named after him.”

Why Today’s Teens Aren’t in Any Hurry to Grow Up

     Why Today’s Teens Aren’t in Any Hurry to Grow Up



A “moderate life technique” is more typical in times and places where families have less youngsters and invest more energy developing every kid’s development and improvement. This is a decent depiction of our present culture in the U.S., when the normal family has two youngsters, children can begin playing composed games as preschoolers and getting ready for school can start as right on time as grade school. This isn’t a class wonder; I found in my investigation that the pattern of growing up more gradually doesn’t separate between adolescents from less advantaged foundations and those from wealthier families.
A “quick life procedure,” then again, was the more typical child rearing methodology in the mid-twentieth century, when less work sparing gadgets were accessible and the normal lady had four youngsters. Thus, kids expected to fight for themselves sooner. At the point when my uncle disclosed to me he ran thin plunging with his companions when he was eight, I asked why his folks gave him authorization.
At that point I recalled: His folks had six other kids (with one more to come), ran a ranch and it was 1947. The guardians expected to concentrate on everyday survival, not ensuring their children had violin lessons by age five.
Is growing up gradually great or terrible?
Life history hypothesis expressly takes note of that moderate and quick life systems are adjustments to a specific situation, so each isn’t innately “great” or “terrible.” Likewise, seeing the patterns in high schooler conduct as “great” or “awful” (or as teenagers being more “develop” or “juvenile,” or more “mindful” or “lethargic”) misses the 10,000 foot view: slower advancement toward adulthood. What’s more, it’s not simply adolescents – youngsters are less inclined to stroll to and from school and are all the more firmly administered, while youthful grown-ups are taking more time to sink into vocations, wed and have kids.
“Adulting” – which alludes to youthful grown-ups performing grown-up obligations as though this were wonderful – has now entered the vocabulary. The whole formative way from earliest stages to full adulthood has moderated.
Be that as it may, similar to any adjustment, the moderate life methodology has exchange offs. It’s certainly something worth being thankful for that less teenagers are engaging in sexual relations and drinking liquor. Be that as it may, shouldn’t something be said about when they head off to college and abruptly enter a domain where sex and liquor are wild? For instance, albeit less 18-year-olds now hit the bottle hard, 21-to 22-year-olds still hit the bottle hard at generally an indistinguishable rate from they have since the 1980s. One examination found that teenagers who quickly expanded their hitting the bottle hard were more in danger of liquor reliance and change issues than the individuals who figured out how to drink over a more drawn out timeframe. Deferring presentation to liquor, at that point, could make youthful grown-ups less arranged to manage drinking in school.
The same may be valid for youngsters who don’t work, drive or go out much in secondary school. Indeed, they’re most likely more averse to get into a mischance, yet they may likewise land at school or the work environment less arranged to settle on choices all alone.
School directors portray understudies who can’t do anything without calling their folks. Bosses stress that more youthful representatives do not have the capacity to work autonomously. Despite the fact that I found in my examinations that iGen manifests a more grounded hard working attitude than millennials, they’ll likely likewise require more direction as they change into adulthood.
Indeed, even because of the drawbacks, it’s imaginable helpful that adolescents are investing more energy growing socially and sincerely before they date, have intercourse, drink liquor and work for pay. The key is to ensure that youngsters in the end get the chance to build up the abilities they will require as grown-ups: freedom, alongside social and basic leadership aptitudes.
For guardians, this may mean endeavoring to drive your young people out of the house more. Else, they may very well need to live with you until the end of time.
Jean Twenge, Professor of Psychology, San Diego State University
This article was initially distributed on The Conversation. Read the first article. Take after the greater part of the Expert Voices issues and open deliberations — and turn out to be a piece of the discourse — on Facebook, Twitter and Google +. The perspectives communicated are those of the creator and don’t really mirror the perspectives of the distributer. This rendition of the article was initially distributed on Live Science.

Why Your Ears Can Tell More Than Your Eyes

                   Why Your Ears Can Tell More Than Your Eyes





With regards to seeing how somebody really feels, it might be best to close your eyes and simply tune in, another examination appears.
Sympathy enables individuals to distinguish the feelings, musings and sentiments of others. To do this, individuals have a tendency to concentrate on the trading of words, as well as a man’s outward appearances and other nonverbal signs.
Yet, another examination from the American Psychological Association recommends that you could attempt to do excessively. Indeed, depending on a mix of vocal and facial signs may not be the best technique for understanding the feelings or aims of others, the examination said. [5 Ways Your Emotions Influence Your World (and Vice Versa)]
“Social and natural sciences throughout the years have exhibited the significant want of people to associate with others and the variety of abilities individuals have to observe feelings or goals,” think about creator Michael Kraus, a right hand teacher of authoritative conduct at Yale University, said in an announcement. “In any case, within the sight of both will and expertise, individuals frequently mistakenly see others’ feelings.”


The new research found that individuals who concentrate exclusively on tuning in to someone else’s voice — including what the individual says and vocal prompts, for example, pitch, rhythm, speed and volume — could better sympathize with that person.
In the investigation, the specialists analyzed how more than 1,800 people spoke with others. A few members were askedto tune in yet not take a gander at each other, while others were made a request to look however not tune in. What’s more, sometimes, the members were permitted to both look and tune in while speaking with each other.
What’s more, a portion of the members tuned in to a recorded cooperation between two outsiders that was perused to them by a modernized voice without the typical passionate emphases of human correspondence.
By and large, the examination discovered members could decipher the feelings of their accomplice all the more precisely when they just tuned in to the next individual and didn’t concentrate on outward appearances. Besides, tuning in to the automated voice ended up being the minimum compelling for precisely perceiving feeling.
“I think while looking at these discoveries with respect to how therapists have examined feeling, these outcomes may shock. Many trial of passionate insight depend on precise view of faces,” Kraus said in the announcement. “What we find here is that maybe individuals are giving careful consideration to the face — the voice may have a great part of the substance important to see others’ inner states precisely. The discoveries propose that we ought to concentrate more on examining vocalizations of feeling.”
Albeit outward appearances can enlighten a ton regarding how somebody is feeling, Kraus said that individuals are great at utilizing outward appearances to veil their feelings. Likewise, watching and listening may lessen compassionate precision since more data isn’t generally better, and endeavoring to do both in the meantime can really make it harder to comprehend the significance behind a man’s vocal emphasis and outward appearance.
“Listening matters,” Kraus said. “In reality considering what individuals are stating and the courses in which they say it can, I trust, prompt enhanced comprehension of others at work or in your own connections.”

Nobel Prize in Chemistry: 1901-Present




Nobel Prize in Chemistry: 1901-Present




The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was the second that Alfred Nobel said in his will building up the prizes. The principal science prize was granted in 1901. Here is a full rundown of the victors by year:
2017: Jacques Dubochet, University of Lausanne, Switzerland, Joachim Frank, Columbia University, New York, and Richard Henderson, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, “for creating cryo-electron microscopy for the high-determination structure assurance of biomolecules in arrangement,” as indicated by Nobelprize.org. Read more about how the trio’s accomplishments changed how researchers can view and picture biomolecules at the nuclear level.
2016: Jean-Pierre Sauvage, Sir J. Fraser Stoddart and Bernard L. Feringa were together granted the Nobel Prize in Chemistry “for the plan and amalgamation of sub-atomic machines.” The trio took science to another measurement by scaling down machines, the Nobel Foundation said.
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2015: Tomas Lindahl, Paul Modrich and Aziz Sancar “for unthinking investigations of DNA repair.”
2014: Eric Betzig, Stefan W. Hellfire and William E. Moerner, for growing light microscopy that could achieve the nanodimension to envision living cells.
2013: Martin Karplus, Michael Levitt and Arieh Warshel, “for the improvement of multiscale models for complex substance frameworks”
2012: Robert Lefkowitz and Brian Kobilka, for making sense of the inward workings of supposed G-protein– coupled receptors (GPCRs).
2011: Don Shechtman, “for the disclosure of quasicrystals.”
2010: Richard F. Hell, Ei-ichi Negishi and Akira Suzuki, “for palladium-catalyzed cross couplings in natural combination.”
2009: Venkatraman Ramakrishnan and Thomas A. Steitz, Ada E. Yonath, “for investigations of the structure and capacity of the ribosome.”
2008: Osamu Shimomura, Martin Chalfie and Roger Y. Tsien, “for the revelation and advancement of the green fluorescent protein, GFP.”
2007: Gerhard Ertl, “for his investigations of concoction forms on strong surfaces.”
2006: Roger D. Kornberg, “for his investigations of the atomic premise of eukaryotic interpretation.”
2005: Yves Chauvin, Robert H. Grubbs and Richard R. Schrock, “for the advancement of the metathesis strategy in natural amalgamation.”
2004: Aaron Ciechanover, Avram Hershko and Irwin Rose, “for the revelation of ubiquitin-intervened protein debasement.”
2003: Peter Agre, “for revelations concerning directs in cell layers,” and Roderick MacKinnon, “for basic and unthinking investigations of particle channels.”
2002: John B. Fenn and Koichi Tanaka, “for their advancement of delicate desorption ionization strategies for mass spectrometric examinations of organic macromolecules,” and Kurt Wüthrich, for his improvement of atomic attractive reverberation spectroscopy for deciding the three-dimensional structure of natural macromolecules in arrangement.”
2001: William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori, “for their work on chirally catalyzed hydrogenation responses,” and K. Barry Sharpless, “for his work on chirally catalyzed oxidation responses.”
2000: Alan J. Heeger, Alan G. MacDiarmid and Hideki Shirakawa, “for the disclosure and improvement of conductive polymers.”
1999: Ahmed H. Zewail, “for his investigations of the progress conditions of compound responses utilizing femtosecond spectroscopy.”
1998: Walter Kohn, “for his improvement of the thickness useful hypothesis,” and John A. Pople, “for his improvement of computational techniques in quantum science.”
1997: Paul D. Boyer and John E. Walker, “for their clarification of the enzymatic instrument fundamental the blend of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and Jens C. Skou, “for the principal disclosure of a particle transporting catalyst, Na+, K+ – ATPase.”
1996: Robert F. Twist Jr., Sir Harold W. Kroto and Richard E. Smalley, “for their revelation of fullerenes.”
1995: Paul J. Crutzen, Mario J. Molina and F. Sherwood Rowland, “for their work in air science, especially concerning the development and decay of ozone.”
1994: George A. Olah, “for his commitment to carbocation science.”
1993: Kary B. Mullis, “for his innovation of the polymerase chain response (PCR) strategy,” and Michael Smith, “for his crucial commitments to the foundation of oligonucleotide-based, site-coordinated mutagenesis and its advancement for protein ponders.”
1992: Rudolph A. Marcus, “for his commitments to the hypothesis of electron move responses in compound frameworks.”
1991: Richard R. Ernst, “for his commitments to the improvement of the procedure of high determination atomic attractive reverberation (NMR) spectroscopy.”
1990: Elias James Corey, “for his improvement of the hypothesis and procedure of natural amalgamation.”
1989: Sidney Altman and Thomas R. Cech, “for their disclosure of synergist properties of RNA.”
1988: Johann Deisenhofer, Robert Huber and Hartmut Michel, “for the assurance of the three-dimensional structure of a photosynthetic response focus.”
1987: Donald J. Pack, Jean-Marie Lehn and Charles J. Pedersen, “for their improvement and utilization of particles with structure-particular connections of high selectivity.”
1986: Dudley R. Herschbach, Yuan T. Lee and John C. Polanyi, “for their commitments concerning the progression of compound rudimentary procedures.”
1985: Herbert A. Hauptman and Jerome Karle, “for their remarkable accomplishments in the improvement of direct techniques for the assurance of precious stone structures.”
1984: Robert Bruce Merrifield, “for his improvement of philosophy for compound union on a strong framework.”
1983: Henry Taube, “for his work on the systems of electron exchange responses, particularly in metal edifices.”
1982: Aaron Klug, “for his improvement of crystallographic electron microscopy and his auxiliary illustration of naturally imperative nucleic corrosive protein edifices.”
1981: Kenichi Fukui and Roald Hoffmann, “for their hypotheses, grew freely, concerning the course of compound responses.”
1980: Paul Berg, “for his essential investigations of the natural chemistry of nucleic acids, with specific respect to recombinant-DNA,” and Walter Gilbert and Frederick Sanger, “for their commitments concerning the assurance of base arrangements in nucleic acids.”
1979: Herbert C. Darker and Georg Wittig, “for their improvement of the utilization of boron-and phosphorus-containing mixes, individually, into vital reagents in natural amalgamation.”
1978: Peter D. Mitchell, “for his commitment to the comprehension of natural vitality exchange through the detailing of the chemiosmotic hypothesis.”
1977: Ilya Prigogine, “for his commitments to non-harmony thermodynamics, especially the hypothesis of dissipative structures.”
1976: William N. Lipscomb, “for his examinations on the structure of boranes lighting up issues of concoction holding.”
1975: John Warcup Cornforth, “for his work on the stereochemistry of chemical catalyzed responses,” and Vladimir Prelog, “for his examination into the stereochemistry of natural atoms and responses.”
1974: Paul J. Flory, “for his essential accomplishments, both hypothetical and exploratory, in the physical science of the macromolecules.”
1973: Ernst Otto Fischer and Geoffrey Wilkinson, “for their spearheading work, performed freely, on the science of the organometallic, alleged sandwich mixes.”
1972: Christian B. Anfinsen, “for his work on ribonuclease, particularly concerning the association between the amino corrosive arrangement and the organically dynamic compliance,” and Stanford Moore and William H. Stein, “for their commitment to the comprehension of the association between compound structure and reactant action of the dynamic focal point of the ribon”
1971: Gerhard Herzberg, “for his commitments to the information of electronic structure and geometry of atoms, especially free radicals.”
1970: Luis F. Leloir, “for his revelation of sugar nucleotides and their part in the biosynthesis of starches.”
1969: Derek H. R. Barton and Odd Hassel,”for their commitments to the advancement of the idea of compliance and its application in science.”
1968: Lars Onsager, “for the revelation of the complementary relations bearing his name, which are central for the thermodynamics of irreversible procedures.”
1967: Manfred Eigen, “for his investigations of to a great degree quick synthetic responses, affected by exasperating the equlibrium by methods for short beats of vitality,” and Ronald George Wreyford Norrish and George Porter, “for their investigations of to a great degree quick compound responses, affected by aggravating the equlibrium by methods for short beats of vitality.”
1966: Robert S. Mulliken, “for his key work concerning substance bonds and the electronic structure of atoms by the sub-atomic orbital strategy.”
1965: Robert Burns Woodward, “for his exceptional accomplishments in the specialty of natural amalgamation.”
1964: Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin, “for her conclusions by X-beam strategies of the structures of essential biochemical substances.”
1963: Karl Ziegler and Giulio Natta, “for their revelations in the field of the science and innovation of high polymers.”
1962: Max Ferdinand Perutz and John Cowdery Kendrew, “for their investigations of the structures of globular proteins.”
1961: Melvin Calvin, “for his examination on the carbon dioxide absorption in plants.”
1960: Willard Frank Libby, “for his technique to utilize carbon-14 for age assurance in archaic exploration, topography, geophysics, and different branches of science.”
1959: Jaroslav Heyrovsky, “for his revelation and advancement of the polarographic strategies for investigation.”
1958: Frederick Sanger, “for his work on the structure of proteins, particularly that of insulin.”
1957: Lord (Alexander R.) Todd, “for his work on nucleotides and nucleotide co-chemicals.”
1956: Sir Cyril Norman Hinshelwood and Nikolay Nikolaevich Semenov, “for their inquires about into the instrument of concoction responses.”
1955: Vincent du Vigneaud, “for his work on biochemically critical sulfur mixes, particularly for the principal combination of a polypeptide hormone.”
1954: Linus Carl Pauling, “for his examination into the idea of the concoction bond and its application to the illustration of the structure of complex substances.”
1953: Hermann Staudinger, “for his disclosures in the field of macromolecular science.”
1952: Archer John Porter Martin and Richard Laurence Millington Synge, “for their creation of segment chromatography.”
1951: Edwin Mattison McMillan and Glenn Theodore Seaborg, “for their disclosures in the science of the transuranium components.”
1950: Otto Paul Hermann Diels and Kurt Alder, “for their disclosure and advancement of the diene union.”
1949: William Francis Giauque, “for his commitments in the field of synthetic thermodynamics, especially concerning the conduct of substances at amazingly low temperatures.”
1948: Arne Wilhelm Kaurin Tiselius, “for his examination on electrophoresis and adsorption investigation, particularly for his disclosures concerning the intricate idea of the serum proteins.”
1947: Sir Robert Robinson, “for his examinations on plant results of organic significance, particularly the alkaloids.”
1946: James Batcheller Sumner, “for his revelation that compounds can be solidified,” and John Howard Northrop and Wendell Meredith Stanley, “for their arrangement of catalysts and infection proteins in an unadulterated frame.”
1945: Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, “for his exploration and innovations in agrarian and sustenance science, particularly for his grain protection technique.”
1944: Otto Hahn, “for his revelation of the splitting of substantial cores.”
1943: George de Hevesy, “for his work on the utilization of isotopes as tracers in the investigation of substance forms.”
1942: No prize granted
1941: No prize granted
1940: No prize granted
1939: Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt, “for his work on sex hormones” and Leopold Ruzicka, “for his work on polymethylenes and higher terpenes.”
1938: Richard Kuhn, “for his work on carotenoids and vitamins.”
1937: Walter Norman Haworth, “for his examinations on sugars and vitamin C” and Paul Karrer, “for his examinations on carotenoids, flavins and vitamins An and B2.”
1936: Petrus (Peter) Josephus Wilhelmus Debye, “for his commitments as far as anyone is concerned of sub-atomic structure through his examinations on dipole minutes and on the diffraction of X-beams and electrons in gasses.”
1935: Frédéric Joliot and Irène Joliot-Curie, “in acknowledgment of their union of new radioactive components.”
1934: Harold Clayton Urey, “for his disclosure of overwhelming hydrogen.”
1933: No prize granted
1932: Irving Langmuir, “for his disclosures and examinations in surface science.”
1931: Carl Bosch and Friedrich Bergius, “in acknowledgment of their commitments to the creation and improvement of concoction high weight techniques.”
1930: Hans Fischer, “for his investigates into the constitution of haemin and chlorophyll and particularly for his combination of haemin.”
1929: Arthur Harden and Hans Karl August Simon von Euler-Chelpin, “for their examinations on the maturation of sugar and fermentative chemicals.”
1928: Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, “for the administrations rendered through his examination into the constitution of the sterols and their association with the vitamins.”
1927: Heinrich Otto Wieland, “for his examinations of the constitution of the bile acids and related substances.”
1926: The (Theodor) Svedberg, “for his work on scatter frameworks.”
1925: Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, “for his showing of the heterogenous idea of colloid arrangements and for the strategies he utilized, which have since turned out to be major in current colloid science.”
1924: No prize granted
1923: Fritz Pregl, “for his creation of the strategy for smaller scale investigation of natural substances.”
1922: Francis William Aston, “for his disclosure, by methods for his mass spectrograph, of isotopes, in a substantial number of non-radioactive components, and for his articulation of the entire number run the show.”
1921: Frederick Soddy, “for his commitments as far as anyone is concerned of the science of radioactive substances, and his examinations concerning the inception and nature of isotopes.”
1920: Walther Hermann Nernst, “in acknowledgment of his work in thermochemistry.”
1919: No prize granted
1918: Fritz Haber, “for the union of alkali from its components.”
1917: No prize granted
1916: No prize granted
1915: Richard Martin Willstätter, “for his inquires about on plant shades, particularly chlorophyll.”
1914: Theodore William Richards, “in acknowledgment of his precise judgments of the nuclear weight of countless components.”
1913: Alfred Werner, “in acknowledgment of his work on the linkage of particles in atoms by which he has tossed new light on before examinations and opened up new fields of research particularly in inorganic science.”
1912: Victor Grignard, “for the revelation of the supposed Grignard reagent, which as of late has extraordinarily propelled the advance of natural science,” and Paul Sabatier, “for his technique for hydrogenating natural mixes within the sight of finely deteriorated metals whereby the advance of natural science has been incredibly cutting-edge as of late.”
1911: Marie Curie, née Sklodowska, “in acknowledgment of her administrations to the progression of science by the revelation of the components radium and polonium, by the separation of radium and the investigation of the nature and mixes of this striking component.”
1910: Otto Wallach, “in acknowledgment of his administrations to natural science and the substance business by his pioneer work in the field of alicyclic mixes.”
1909: Wilhelm Ostwald, “in acknowledgment of his work on catalysis and for his examinations concerning the crucial standards overseeing substance equilibria and rates of response.”
1908: Ernest Rutherford, “in acknowledgment of his work on catalysis and for his examinations concerning the crucial standards overseeing substance equilibria and rates of response.”
1907: Eduard Buchner, “for his biochemical inquires about and his revelation of without cell maturation.”
1906: Henri Moissan, “in acknowledgment of the considerable administrations rendered by him in his examination and disengagement of the component fluorine, and for the selection in the administration of investigation of the electric heater shouted toward him.”
1905: Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer, “in acknowledgment of his administrations in the progression of natural science and the synthetic business, through his work on natural colors and hydroaromatic mixes.”
1904: Sir William Ramsay, “in acknowledgment of his administrations in the disclosure of the idle vaporous components in air, and his assurance of their place in the intermittent framework.”
1903: Svante August Arrhenius, “in acknowledgment of the remarkable administrations he has rendered to the progression of science by his electrolytic hypothesis of separation.”
1902: Hermann Emil Fischer, “in acknowledgment of the phenomenal administrations he has rendered by his work on sugar and purine combinations.”
1901: Jacobus Henricus van’t Hoff, “in acknowledgment of the phenomenal administrations he has rendered by the disclosure of the laws of substance progression and osmotic weight in arrangements.”